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The Outsiders : A Book With A Meaning

Acceptance and security. These are the two things that every human being wants. How they gain those two things varies from person to person.But most of us are privileged enough to not worry about these two very important necessities.

However there are people in the world who are not so lucky. Those are the people who are failed to be understood by the rest of the world. However a lot of us are blinded to those people and their problems.

Sometimes it takes a piece of art or literature to wake us up to those problems and a piece of literature that can do that is the novel written by S.E. Hinton, The Outsiders.In her novel Hinton, writes about two socioeconomic classes, the greasers and the Socs, who live their lives on the two ends of social status, near-poverty and super rich, respectively.

The novel is also a good eye-opener to how social,emotional,and economic forces can shape a person’s life and how if one can truly understand a person for what they are the world might just be a better place.

On the lower end of the social spectrum in Hinton’s novel is the populace known as the greasers. The “greasers”, a term which arises from their overuse of hair grease, are a community of people who are thought to be “victims of the environment” and underprivileged people. The community is made up of many different people, but The Outsiders, focuses on a small group of boys living in the harsh lifestyle of a greaser.

The gang is made up of 7 boys, Two-Bit,Ponyboy(main character),Johnny,Darry(leader),Sodapop,Steve, and Dallas.Each boy shares a common bond with the rest of the gang and this bond is most likely caused by characteristic backgrounds.

For example all of the boys come from low-end families who are barely able to make ends meet.In the novel Hinton acknowledges this fact when Ponyboy thinks to himself “He never let on to Mom and Dad how he felt, though, because we never had enough money and usually we had a hard time making ends meet.”(Hinton 40). 

This thought reflects how Ponyboy and the other greasers had the constant worry of money and food. He and the other greasers never had the opportunity to express themselves to the world and show the society that their is something beautiful underneath all the hair grease.

The greasers were always striving to have a substantial amount of food and a feeling of security. This ladder of satisfying physical needs to climb up to the rung of self- esteem needs supports Abraham Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. Abraham Maslow, an optimistic anthropologist and psychologist, created his Hierarchy of Need in order to express his thoughts on the order of priority of human needs and how they can change in correspondence to circumstances. 

“Now in keeping in theory with his theory up to this point, if you want to be truly self-actualizing , you need to have your lower(physical needs) needs taken care of, at least to a considerable extent.”(Maslow Article). This theory holds true in The Outsiders, especially in the case of the greasers.

Throughout their life food and money have been a constant stress on the lives of the greasers.With this constant stress acting as a burden upon them, the greasers are hardly given time to think about the other aspects of life.

Their security is also not 100% guaranteed as they are constantly in danger from being jumped by the Socs.Their life is like one of a king sitting on his throne while knowing that a knife is dangling above it. 

Trauma can be a life-changing event.The effects of it can drastically change an individual’s personality.The greasers have had more than their share of trauma.The entire group suffered two deaths in less than a week and those two deaths were those of two very loyal gang members. 

But the deaths also served as a reminder of the distinct thought process and personalities found in the greaser community; the thought process of a hoodlum and the thought process of a gallant young man.”Nobody would write editorials praising Dally. Two friends of mine had died that night;one a hero the other a hoodlum.”(Hinton 154). 

In her presentation, Ms.Carroll had a slide on what are symptoms of trauma and these were her words “Traumatized children remain in persistent alarm.They have a rarely obtained state of internal calm.”(Ms.Carroll Trauma). These symptoms were seen in Ponyboy who would continually resort to a surrealistic world for comfort in where Dally and Johnny were alive.

But as soon as reality washed over him, he would go through the constant agony of being reminded of his friends and the lives they lived. The lives of the greasers may seem like a life where luxury was a forgotten word and this is true, but the Socs, as you may be surprised to find out, had an equally tough life as well. 

The desire to gain materialistic objects is in the nature of mankind, and if people had the opportunity to gain these objects with no fear of losing or wasting money the desire would be perfectly understandable.But to let these objects create a sense of false pride would be pure arrogance.

This bad quality is one that is displayed by the Socs.Their economical status is used by them to bolster their own status among their friends.Their belief is that power is gained by wealth and that that power is maintained by constantly reinforcing the thought that you are number one by jumping greasers or wrecking houses.

Hinton points out at these qualities “Socs were always behind a wall of aloofness,careful not to let their real selves show. … The Socs even fought coldly and practically and impersonally.”(Hinton 38). But if their dignity is shaken in the least they will threaten their friend or whoever dared to overthrow them.

This ungenuine friendship creates a sense of unreliability and dishonesty between the Socs which contrasts to the strong bond that the greasers share.But are the Socs entirely at fault? One might say that the blame is entirely theirs to take but would that view change if an individual gained a little bit more insight on the life of the Socs? This circumstance was exactly where Ponyboy found himself at the beginning of the novel. His view on the Socs was “I really couldn’t see what Socs would have to sweat about-good grades,good cars,good girls,madras and Mustangs and Corvairs.”(Hinton 36).

Bob,the main Soc in the book, is the leader of the gang and the most significant. His life outside of home is carefree and easygoing.He has good friends, good grades, and a lot of money. But at home his identity changes.

He is constantly trying to get his parents to notice his wrongdoings.He tries to gain their attention by committing crimes and gaining the negative qualities of a rich gangster.Although his approach may sound counterintuitive his personal sense of wrong and right justifies his actions.

All he was trying to do was for someone to lay the behaviour parameters.But at his age, the age of a teenager, children have very malleable minds, and when these minds are influenced by alcohol or any other intoxicating substance they tend to go out of control. 

When Bob jumped the he greasers it was his drunken personality that did it and not his usual character. However,this is the type of story that the society sees and notices. The society tends to forget all the positive strong points in a person and focus on their negative impressions. 

The society makes a label of them that fits those wrongdoings.This label that then gets associated with that individual or group can leave an everlasting stereotype of them and restrain them from the opportunity to change their life. 

Thus the wealth that is commonly misinterpreted to be a shield for the Socs is more like one-way glass. The Socs, who have been labeled with this term can see outside of the glass and notice the environment’s pessimistic vibes and the community itself is unable to see through this glass and recognize that the Socs are human too.

Growing up in a difficult lifestyle surrounded by a combination of negative vibes and constant threats from a harsh environment can cause people to isolate themselves from the world. However there are 2 possible approaches to the situation, an optimistic approach or a pessimistic approach.

The individual might choose to create a hard shell of defiance from the world or create their future.They might take the world’s taunts and use them to fuel their anger or use them to fuel their aspirations. People who find themselves in such situations may have the choice to define their lives in their own two hands. 

But for some people this burden might be too much too handle.A kind act to someone who can’t handle such a responsibility would be to help them instead of labeling them. The greasers and the Socs were both victims of their surroundings but they were unable to see that they were all affected and it was this diversitythat kept them apart.

As a whole society, we should try to steer the community away from segregating people based upon their social ranking and focus more on helping people to sort out their lives.This change has to start from the goodness present in every individual 's heart so why don’t you, reader, try to delve into your own heart for the graciousness hiding inside of you.

Analysis Of The Book ' The Outsiders '

The Outsiders is a story regarding the privation and accomplishments experienced by the Greasers and the Socs, two rival gangs living in the inner city in the early 1960’s. The novel The Outsiders is about two groups of teenagers of bitter rivalry which was due to socio-economic differences.The Outsiders takes us through a journey of violence, struggle and death. It examines the life of a recently orphaned young man born into poverty confronted with the prejudices that he could not change. 

The novel tells the story of Ponyboy Curtis and his conflicts between the lower and the upper class youths and struggles and with the right and wrong in a society in which he considers himself an outsider. The society is divided in two groups Greasers and Socs, ‘Greasers’ are those who are from East side and belongs to a poor section of the society and ‘Socs’ a short word for society used in the novel, means those who are from West side and belongs to a richer section of a society.

 The greasers and Socs also have somethings in common like Cherry Valance, a member of Socs, and Ponyboy Curtis, a geaser discuss their love for literature, for popular music, and sunsets. A view of honorable action appears throughout the novel, which works as an important element of the geasers behavioral code.

Members of the Greasers group: Ponyboy Curtis, Sodapop Curtis, Darrel Curtis, Dallas Winston, Keith Mathews, Steve Randle, Johnny Cade
Members of the Socs: Sherri Valance, Robert Sheldon, Randy Sheldon, Randy Adderson, David, Paul
In the book it is shown how young boys struggles hard to survive in a world filled with crime, violence and poverty. Throughout the novel, we learn about Ponyboy’s violent interactions with Socs and how these conflicts of being associated with a gand change his life forever.

“Society and class” a theme in The Outsiders
Society and class describes the different ‘layers’ that exist in society. These ‘layers,’ or classes in society, are those divisions that civilization has been running on ever since the beginning of mankind. “ Society and class” is one of the most significant problem in the world. 

In the novel author had made very clear that Socs are the rich kids from west, who owns cars, wear expensive clothes and have short hairs and use their parents money for all leisure, while Greasers are those who live in east section of town . who works for living, wear cheap t-shirts and jeans, gave long hairs. 

This is how author have depicted rich class and poor society thoughts in the novel. The rich kids; Socs, who depends on their parent’s wealth and the poor kids greasers have fewer resources to use and also the greasers shown in the novel, Ponyboy’s parents are killed in an accident, though it was more difficult for them. Class variation and therefore the stereotypes society have placed on the both gangs what really ignited the fire of enimity for each other.

In today’s society, society and class both are typically influenced by one’s background and wealth. This usually determines the success or failure in humans lives. If someone is brought up in a family of wealth, they have many more opportunities compared to someone brought up in poverty. 

In The Outsiders, the Socs are given a greater opportunity to succeed because of their backgroundAs society and class is the an important theme in the book. The Greasers and Socs are divided by their wealth status, social class and opportunities to succeed. Although in the starting of the novel both the gangs Greasers and Socs hate each other, but they begin to realise they are not that much different and have so many similarities. The author S.E. Hinton gave readers a message through this book that wealth, education, money, social class doesnot define who we really are. 

Throughout the book, the Greasers and Socs are constantly fighting, insulting each other. During their continous rumbles and the way speak or talk to each other 
“You know what a greaser is?" Bob asked. "White trash with long hair” (Hinton, 48)
This conversation of Bob means that he is concluding the Greasers by their looks or we can say by their appearance. 

We get to undrstand that Bob belives this because this was taught to him by his parents. They understand others by their level of wealth and the way how they look 
“That 's why people don 't ever think to blame the Socs and are always ready to jump on us. We look hoody and they look decent. It could be just the other way around--- half of the hoods I know are pretty decent guys underneath all that grease, and from what I 've heard, a lot of Socs are just cold-blooded mean- but people usually go by looks” (Hinton,120)

In these lines their lies a message given by author wants us to get understand and relate it our own life that one cannot judge someone by his or her look or by how much wealth he or she conain, or to which society they belong to. 

Another notable division between Greasers and Socs is the social ranking. The Socs; the rich’s, are known as an asset to the society as they are wealth, lots of money and contribute to the economy whereas Greasers are considered as burden to the society because of their poverty, lack of money etc.. and Greasers are also considered as trouble creating persons, but the reality is that they are not that actually that much bad, may be some are bad but not all. 

Expecting the greasers a trouble makering criminals which they become have become is because no one understood them. Here lies the question why people doesn’t understand them ? The answer is that people always considers them as a poor class, they don’t know the reason what is the reason behind their poverty, people judge them by their dressing style or by their talking style or by their hair cuts, here lies the problem of society and class.Even one doesnot want to help these Greasers out of trouble they have gotten themselves into. May be many of the Greasers also have good intentions. 
“Greaser... greaser... greaser... Steve singsonged. "O victim of environment, underprivileged, rotten, no-count hood!”(Hinton, 116). 

In these lines Socs were laughing on the Greasers and were making fun of them, it was because Socs belong to a high class society and so they were making fun of them, in real life when high class people and low class people both stand infront of each other they will not see into each other’s eyes, because of the socities or the so-called class they belong. 

The Socs are different to the Greasers because they have more opportunities to get succeeded because of their economic ranking. Although Dally was intelligent enough to get admission in College, but he was unable to attend because of the lack of money. This shows us that although Dally worked very hard he wasn’t able to get a good job and as a result of that, he turned to a life of crime. 

“But we just didn 't have the money for him to go to college, even with the athletic scholarship he won. And now he didn 't have time between jobs to even think about college” (Hinton, 15)

Ponyboy finds it unfair that the Socs have everything handed to them. He is determined to achieve the success and make a good life for himself and for the family. The author intended readers to understand that although success may come easily for those who are more fortunate, but poor people can still achieve and become just as successful as the others who are fortunate. This can be linked to real life in many ways, success comes from hard work and determination, qualities which anybody can possess. 

Self worth can also be incorporated into the opportunity to succeed. Because the Greasers came from such a low level of society, they might have felt their self worth was not as high as someone higher on the social ladder. There are many different principles by which self-worthiness is judged, but in The Outsiders I feel it is based mainly on the stereotyping and discriminations of the opposite groups.

 While the Socs were the upper class of society, they were stereotyped as superior kids with good futures in store for them. The Greasers, on the other hand, were discriminated against, seen rather as the scum of the neighborhood, with little or no futures ahead of them. 

This results in a lack of self-esteem and sense of personal efficacy, and also a downward fall in their overall satisfaction and happiness with life. Sometimes it seems that people of the higher social class have everything superior, and they people lower on the social ladder are stuck in an endless cycle positive outlook in sight. 

But this is not always the case. There is always the vision of social mobility, which occurs whenever people move across social class boundaries, or from one occupational level to another. Throughout time, a person’s position in society has been based on their social background, race, or wealth. With the social mobility outlook, a person’s position in society is emphasized more on achievement and what a person is capable of then the characteristics that they are unable to change.

In chapter 7, 
“Greasers will still be Greasers and Socs will still be Socs. Sometimes I think it’s the ones in the middle that are really the lucky stiffs” (Hinton, 125). By stating that the members of both groups will always remain in their personal social classes, it suggests that it would be impossible for a Greaser or a Soc to shift their current status on the social ladder. In this belief, it appears that because their position in society is being based on their attributed characteristics, there is no chance that they will rise above the stereotyping and discriminations of their gang identities.

In my personal experiences, I feel that even in modern times there is no chance of social mobility. Because social status affects behavior, values, and lifestyle, the different classes are aware of their privileges in their current position. People of the upper class know that they are looked upon for their elegant and refined lifestyle, and therefore try to maintain that same behavior. 

For instance, people of the higher class will always wear the name brand clothing, drive the expensive, luxurious cars, and try to show off their wealth. This is mainly because in order to achieve these high-class possessions, one needs a higher level of education and training. For people to want to work hard, they must see that they will be rewarded in society. 

Therefore the rich tend to show off their lavish wealth and assets in order to show society how hard they have worked to attain them. On the other hand, people of the lower social class are looked down upon for their grubby lifestyles, and feel that there is no escape from it. While it is stereotypical to make such a statement, it can be affirmed by the fact that because many lower class members live in poverty, they are more concerned with immediate needs rather than long-term goals.

High class or low class, people are people and everyone is the same. Society groups people into classes, but how does society group us today? Classes affect people today just as they do in The Outsiders. For example, in movies, or even in schools, society groups people too. Maybe they are the popular kids, the nerds, the band geeks. 

People are grouped everywhere. If someone can’t afford a luxury car, they’re automatically considered low class, because that’s how society makes it. In reality, who is the better class? Low or high? During their conversation, Randy the Soc shared his opinion with Ponyboy about classes, 
“Sometimes I think its the ones in the middle that are really the lucky stiffs…” (Hinton, pg. 117). Randy thinks that people who aren’t low or high class are the ones that are truly lucky. most likely because they don’t have to deal with proving that they are the better class, so they stay in the middle.

Society in The Outsiders groups the Socs and the Greasers as high and low
classes. But at the end of the day, do classes even matter? No, as Cherry said during
her conversation with Ponyboy, “Things are rough all over” (Hinton, pg. 35) 

This is a message to society. No matter if you belong to a low or high class, or a Soc or Greaser,
things will never be perfect. People will always be judged and people will always get into
trouble no matter what class society puts you in, high class or low class.

Class Discrimination
Hatredness between Greasers and the Socs for one another were due to the thoughts and ideas about class. Mainly in the United States, to be poor or rich is much more than just the bad luck of birth, they are moral classification. In the U.S, children are often educated to understand that moving up in class is not just possible, but is almost inevitable for anyone that work’s hard. 

So it 's easy to understand why the Socs may feel threatened by the Greasers as well as deserving their hatedness. The Soc 's guardians are those who take legal decisions and compose of most of the education structure while the Greasers are juvenile delinquents with no desire or hope in life beyond fighting and drinking. 

Very little thought is given to how the Greasers absence of prosperity combined with class discriminations against them complete their alliance in this category. We can also see that the consequences for law-breaking are far less severe for the Socs than they are for the Greasers. 

The law system is inclined to see Greasers as essentially bad and they deserves of cruel punishment. As for the Socs, the consequences for their delinquency are much lighter. The law system is more likely to see them as good boys who just made uncommon bad decisions so their penalties tend to be less severe. 

Because of upper class society Socs are encouraged more to be less outwardly emotional than the Greasers. Controlling one 's emotions signifies the potential to handle one 's self in other different situations of life, and the working class is usually described as a group missing self control. 

From the novel we can take Dally, a great example of this loss of self control. The Socs have more organization than the Greasers do in their lives. Both gangs have some thing in common, but when the Greasers were at the age of self-dependent, they have a very less aptitude to establish the way of their lives than do their better off counter parts.

“It’s okay… We aren’t in the same class. Just don’t forget that some of us watch the sunset too” (Hinton, 55). Here, Ponyboy is pointing out to a female member of the Socs that even though the two gangs have unequal lifestyles, behaviour, and monetary situations, but they still live in the same world under the same sun. 

By agreeing on this fact, they are taking a different outlook on life and bridging the gap between the social classes. I feel that even though social classes will almost undoubtedly exist in this world, there should not be such a general stereotyping for people of a different status. I also feel that even though a person’s social class sometimes defines their position in life, we all need to stop and realize that at the end of the day, we all live in the same world, under the same sun.

The subject-matter of society and class in this book is very noteworthy and central theme of the book. It divides the two social groups from each another in many ways. They may be divided through their wealth, social-economic status and opportunities or from where they comes from but deep down are very similar. We can relate this to our real life in many ways such as an act of racism and discrimination. 

The Outsiders

This book showed the struggle between rich and poor. The two main groups of the story were the Socs and the greasers. The Socs are in the upper class while the greasers are the poor ones that dislike the Socs because they have more money, better cars, and act like they are better than the greasers. The Outsiders is a good story by S.E. Hinton that shows the struggles of growing up Hinton did a fine job with the character development, the plot, and the theme with a few flaws.

The Outsiders is a book that changed the style of young adult writers because it went off from the genre that young adult writer were using during that time period. 

The reader sees the everyday problems that teenagers were going through, “I can’t take much more Johnny spoke my own feelings I’ll kill myself or something” (Hinton 47). Johnny felt unloved because his parents treat him bad and say hurtful things to him, but when Johnny is with the gang he feels loved because they embrace him, and let him stay at their house if he cannot bear to go home to his parents. 

So many writers were use to telling fairy tells and fables, the realism of the outsiders made it the first of its kind during the time period it was written. Todd Howard points this out in his book Understanding The Outsiders, “ Thus the overwhelming commercial success that The Outsiders enjoyed among teens shortly after its first publication, it sent astonished publishers scurrying to find writers who could duplicate the novel’s formula and gave a pause to literary critics” (Howard 8). 

Authors in the early sixty’s never thought about writing a book showing the gang and social class differences, and this is why The Outsiders was a successful book because it opened people’s eyes to the problems some teens have to go through. Dally, Soda, and Ponyboy lost their parents in a car accident and are struggling to make it on their own. The fact that all three boys were still moving on without their parents showed that they had a lot of heart. 

The two main divisions were between the Greasers and the Socs, and this rivalry led to many conflicts in the book. Hinton illustrates the divisions and fighting in this quote, “They caught him and one of them had a lot of rings on his hand that’s what had cut Johnny up so badly” (Hinton 33). Johnny was attacked by four Socs when he was playing with a football at the park. 

There are many times in the book where Socs attacked Greasers that were walking alone. Howard explains the divisions and violence of the gangs in this quote, “Tulsa was one of many American cities that had seen an increasing division between social classes since World War II, and the animosity between Greasers and Socs gangs illustrated the extent to which this division between social classes had permeated society” (Howard 28). 

The Greasers were seen as the poor outcast while the Socs were the popular one with all the money. The Socs provoke the Greasers by saying hurtful things and attacking them so both gangs feel the need to fight to prove that they are better. Hinton did a good job of portraying the violence and building up to these points and this keeps the reader interested in the book.

There are many critics and parents who were outraged about the violence that takes place in the book. This quote by Hinton demonstrates the harsh violence, “I ducked and tried to run for it but the Socs caught my arm and twisted it behind my back, and shoved my face into the fountain” (Hinton 56). 

Johnny and Ponyboy were constantly attacked because they were the most vulnerable. The Outsiders opened the eyes of many young adult reader’s who did not live in the type of environment the book takes place or experience those situations. Howard shows what the critics and parents felt in this quote, “They continued to insist that teens had no business reading novels containing the degree of violence and other ‘adult’ themes featured in Hinton’s book and certainly not in the class room” (Howard 28). 

There is a great deal of violence in The Outsiders but this violence is a example of how stupid it is and ultimately led to a death in the book. The violence is a key to the book because without it the book would be dull and have no meaning. Hinton uses this violence to show that it is not necessary and will always lead to something negative.

The Outsiders is a very popular book because so many readers felt they could relate to some of the characters and the events that took place in the book. Hinton shows how tough the characters have it by this quote, “since mom and dad were killed in an auto wreck, the three of us get to stay together only as long as we behave” (Hinton 3). Some readers can relate because their parent are gone like the three boys or they have parents but they don’t care about them like Johnny’s parents. 

Ponyboy, Darry and Soda have a rough life yet they still persevere and can be an inspiration to the reader. Howard explains how the characters can have effect on the reader in this quote, “The extent to which these components come together in The Outsiders to form the characters that ring true for a given reader largely determines the extent to which the reader cares about the outcome of the story” (Howard 49). 

When the reader find out what certain characters have been through it draws in the reader’s attention and appeals to his or her emotion. The characters make the reader think about his or her own problems and how much of an easier life they have than the characters have. 

This book can ring true for some many of the readers because they may have gone through some of the problems presented in the book or they might know someone who has gone through similar circumstances.
The development of the characters also made The Outsiders a good book because the reader gets to know each character in depth. 

An example of how Hinton went in depth with her characters, “Darry is six-feet-two, and broad-shouldered and muscular he has dark-brown hair that kicks out in front and a slight cowlick in the back just like dad’s but Darry’s eyes are his own” (Hinton 6). Hinton dose an excellent job of helping the reader to visualize the characters. Rather than just introducing a character in one line Hinton give lot of information about the characters and this is what made her book different. 

Marie Napierkowski makes this evident in her narrative "The Outsiders" Novels for Students, “Hinton is a character writer instead of an idea writer she develops her characters in depth and then lets them create the story” (Napierkowski). In The Outsiders Johnny is seen as a sacrificial lamb because he is beat constantly and in the end he ends up dying. 

By going in depth with the characters the reader gets to know how certain characters will react to certain events in the book. Darry and Dallas are the tough ones Johnny and Ponyboy are the sensitive one and Soda and Steve are the ladies men. 

There three themes and they are growing up, difference in social classes, and staying gold. In Johnny’s final letter to Ponyboy he tell him what staying gold meant, “I’ve been thinking about that poem the guy that wrote it meant you’re gold when you’re a kid when you’re a kid everything is a new dawn” (Hinton 178). Johnny told Ponyboy that the way that he always loved to watch the sunset was gold and that he should stay that way. 

Johnny felt like he was ready to go because he found out what being gold meant and saved those little kids that were trapped in the burning church. When asked in an interview what staying gold meant Hinton said, “Gold is openness to other people an ability to empathize [to understand and share another person’s thoughts, feelings, or emotions] with other human beings” (Wilson 20). 

The Greasers showed that they could empathize with one another because they stuck together and stood up to the Socs who thought that they were so much better. Ponyboy grew from the experiences he had to go through and lost his best friend Johnny. Ponyboy and Johnny were the only two characters that could understand staying gold because the other characters were not as sensitive as they both were.

Many critics applaud Hinton for the success of her first book she created this novel so early in her career yet still did a great job with it. Hinton tied the book together with this quote, I had only two things on my mind: Paul Newman and a ride home” (Hinton 180). The Outsiders starts out with this quote and ends with it. 

It ties the book together and makes the reader go back to the beginning and think about how the book started and where it ended up. In Thompson Gale narrative one critic named Thomas Fleming said that, “Miss Hinton's performance is impressive.... She has produced a book alive with the fresh dialogue of her contemporaries, and has wound around it a story that captures, in vivid patches at least, a rather unnerving slice of teen-age America” (Gale).

 The dialogue between the characters kept the book interesting and gave the reader more insight on the characters by the way they talk to each other. Critics saw Hinton as too young to write a good book yet she proved them wrong. Her book has sold millions of copies and continues to remain well-liked novel to this day.

Some critics thought that the book had too much action in it and this made the story drag out. This is the climax of the story, “Bob, the handsome Soc, was lying there in the moon light, doubled up and still” (Hinton 56). Ponyboy was being drowned by Bob and Johnny was the only one that was there to help. Johnny pulled out his switch blade and stabbed Bob and it killed Bob Ponyboy is in disbelief of what happened.

 As Jay Daly explained in this quote, “The action of the story continues nearly nonstop pausing occasionally to look at the stars or talk about southern gentlemen but only for a short time before rushing ahead” (Daly 17). 

The action of the story can make the reader get bored of it quickly or it can continue to keep the reader interested. Some of the action was forced to keep the book going but overall it was not bad. Many young readers like reading a book with lots of action so this is why the book is such a big hit.

Overall the book was high-quality book written by a seventeen year old to express the stupidity of gangs and social classes. Hinton may not have been the best writer because of her young age but she revolutionized the way book were wrote after The Outsiders. Hinton was effective in getting her points across through her characters, the plot, and the themes of the story.

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